March 2016 Whisky of the Month:
A unique 12 Year Old Glenfarclas specially selected and bottled for The Whisky Club. Join The Club now for exclusive access to more exciting drams like this each month and great member perks.
Country of Origin:
Glenfarclas has one of the most remarkable stories in Scotch whisky history. Fiercely independent, it is one of only three distilleries that has remained in the same family since establishment. While recent times have seen a number of distilleries such as Benromach, Edradour, Benriach and Glendronach returning to independent family ownership, for many years Glenfarclas, Glenfiddich and Springbank were the only family owned distilleries in Scotland, resisting the aggressive consolidation of the market that resulted in the vast majority of distilleries coming under foreign, corporate ownership.
Robert Hay built the distillery on his farm, Rechlerich, in 1836 and sold the farm and distillery to John Grant in 1865, when the story begins. The Grants were prominent local farmers in the area, breeding Aberdeen Angus cattle, and bought Rechlerich to serve as a halfway post between their farm in Glenlivet and the market in Elgin.
Initially John Grant’s cousin John Smith ran the distillery, but he had his hands full running his own operation, which included the Glenlivet Distillery, and he eventually left in 1870 to establish Cragganmore Distillery. The Grants boys stepped in to take over from their cousin and things ticked over peacefully until the 1890s, when at the height of the whisky boom, they formed a joint-venture called the the Glenfarclas-Glenlivet Distillery Company with the infamous Pattinson brothers. If you’ve been paying attention over the past couple of years of these emails, you can guess what happened next; Pattinson’s went bankrupt and the Grants almost followed suit. Fortunately for us, the Grants just managed to stay afloat and with the dissolution of the Glenfarclas-Glenlivet Distillery Company they established J&G Grant, the name under which the company still operates today. Times were tough but by 1914, after many years of hard work and the kind of shrewd accounting which the Scots are famous for, the family had secured the future of Glenfarclas Distillery.
But for the last 115 years or so following the Pattinson’s kerfuffle all has gone blissfully well at Glenfarlas Distillery. Notable events include the 1960 expansion from two stills to four and the 1976 addition of a further two stills. The 20th century saw the distillery continue to be run by a succession of Grant men, notably George S. Grant who served as Chairman for a remarkable 52 years and had one of the most profound effects on the company. He decided to limit the amount of casks sold to blenders and the result is that at a time when stocks of aged Scotch whisky are at an all time low, Glenfarclas has one of the largest holdings of old casks in Scotland, which explains the presence of a 40 year old as a core product in the portfolio while others are forced to introduce Non-Age-Statement whiskies. John L.S. Grant succeeded his father George S. Grant as Chairman in 2002, and in 2007 released the first of the now hugely sought after Family Casks range with a bottling from every vintage between 1952 and 1994. He also has a son, George, who represents the sixth generation of the Grant family and is the firm’s Brand Ambassador.
Glenfarclas is indeed a true cult whisky, synonymous with sherry and known for its unrivalled consistency of flavour over the decades. Perhaps their status in the industry is best summed up in the words of a rival distiller, who wrote to the Grant family in May, 1912: “of all the whiskies, malt is king, of all the kings, Glenfarclas reigns supreme”.
About Glenfarclas Single Malt Whisky:
The Glenfarclas operation is large, boasting the biggest stills in Speyside and the biggest mashtun in the industry. Great care has been taken, at the expense of forgoing more cost-effective modern technologies, to ensure that the whisky’s flavour remains consistent over the decades. Their stills are some of the few that are heated in the traditional manner by direct fire (from gas burners) rather than internal electric elements. The distillery experimented with elements the early 80s, but found that this method changed the flavour of the spirit and the experiment was canned, the spirit being sold off to blenders.
Very early on the distillery replaced their wooden mashtuns with steel, and later stainless steel when the steel ones kept rusting through. The move away from the traditional wooden tun came from the need for consistent wash. Wooden mashtuns are favoured by some distilleries because an element of yeast remains in the wood after cleaning and can give the wash interesting flavours, but lacks the consistency of stainless steel, something that Glenfarclas values highly. Nowadays whenever a new system is trialled it’s run alongside the old and is only implemented once an identical result is achieved and current chairman, John Grant, personally oversees all barley and barrel purchasing.
Glenfaraclas has substantial onsite warehousing facilities with 28 traditional dunnage warehouses, some more than 200 years old, holding a massive 52,000 casks, the majority of which are traditional Spanish sherry casks. This is of course because, above all, Glenfarclas whisky is a traditional old style Speyside malt, unpeated and synonymous with sherry casks. In the early days sherry was the cask of choice for all Scotch whisky, but as the demand for whisky matured in these casks outgrew the amount of sherry that the world drinks, the resulting shortage drove the price up. This coincided with the expansion of American whiskey, where a law dating back to 1935 prohibits American distillers from reusing bourbon barrels. Suddenly there were vast amounts of affordable American oak barrels on the market, and with their very attractive vanilla and caramel influences, the Scots snapped them up. Such has been the popularity of the cheaper American oak casks that today around 97% of all Scotch whisky is matured in American oak bourbon casks. Glenfarclas and a handful of distilleries including Glendronach and Macallan resisted this temptation, remaining true to sherry casks despite the fiscal advantages of American oak casks. It is precisely this kind of long-term thinking that has ensured that the Glenfarclas that you taste today is identical to that which you would have tasted fifty years ago.
Age on release:
Matured for a minimum of 12 years in European oak sherry casks and plain oak casks in a ratio of 2:1
Glenfarclas quick facts
Place of origin: Glenfarclas Distillery, Ballindalloch, Speyside, Banffshire AB37 9BD, United Kingdom
Water source: Ben Rinnes mountain
Washbacks: 25,000 litres stainless steel
Number of stills: 3 wash stills and 3 spirit stills
Capacity: 3,000,000 litres per annum
Colour: Vibrant amber-gold
Nose: Fresh and beautifully light, sherried fruit combined with a tempting spicy sweetness and a hint of sappy oak
Palate: Full bodied with undertones of delightful Olorosso sherried fruit, date and walnut cake and malt with toffee apple. Just a hint of peat and delicious sweet sensations balance it off
Finish: Spicy, long and flavoursome, lingering notes of allspice, cinnamon and cloves, with orange zest and sherry
Roast venison with caramelized roast root vegetables finished off with pecan pie and mature cheddar